An Introduction to Disc Injuries

A series of vertebrae that run from the base of the skull to the sacrum form the spinal column.  Vertebrae are each connected one to another by two joints and a small cartilage pad, called the disc.  Discs act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae, allowing painless movement.

Discs are hard on the outside and spongy on the inside.  The outer shell is a series of strong fibrous rings that protect the inside.  The soft inner core of a disc is mostly water in youth and then becomes less hydrated with age.  The soft inner core of discs is what provides the needed shock absorber affect between the vertebrae.
Most typically, a disc injury occurs when trauma to a nearby vertebrae causes the vertebrae to become misaligned.  The misaligned vertebrae distorts an adjacent disc and/or shifts its position.  A misaligned vertebrae is termed a Subluxation.  In the event of a Subluxation, three types of disc injury can occur:

A bulging disc is a disc in which the spongy center presses against its fibrous outer rings and causes the disc to distort its shape.

A herniated/protruded disc occurs when the center of the disc presses through the outer rings.

Whether the disc changes position or changes shape, its movement can cause it to come into contact with nearby nerves or the spinal cord, resulting in varying degrees of back pain, radiating pain, in addition to numbness and/or tingling.


The Role of Chiropractic Medicine

Treatment of disc injuries vary.  When a disc is damaged, various options for treatment are avaiable.  These options include, but are not limited to, manipulation, traction, decompressive therapy, rehabilitative exercises and other physiological therapeutics.  At South Tampa Chiropractic Clinic, we offer the latest technologies available to Chiropractors for the treatment of disc injuries. Our office can provide referrals to medical professionals when such treatment is necessary.
For more information on the treatment options South Tampa Chiropractic Clinic offers patients with disc injuries, contact us for a free consultation.  


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